The next steps after Gov. Mike Parson signed a bill Tuesday to expand science, technology, engineering and math opportunities will be to clarify whether the Missouri K-12 education department has spending authority over one of the established programs, and train teachers in computer science academics.
Parson signed House Bill 3 into law Tuesday at ceremonies in St. Louis and Poplar Bluff, after he called a special legislative session this fall in part to get the bill passed - after he had vetoed an earlier Senate version that had been passed with broad support.
Rep. Travis Fitzwater, R-Holts Summit, sponsored House Bill 3 and spearheaded earlier versions of the bill.
"If we want to see long-term economic prosperity for our state, it's critical that we develop a well-trained workforce that is ready and willing to fill jobs in the fastest growing fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics," Fitzwater said in a news release from the governor's office.
His bill expands STEM and computer science opportunities for K-12 students through new programs, academic standards and funding mechanisms:
A "STEM Career Awareness Program" for middle school students - Missouri's Department of Elementary and Secondary Education has until Jan. 1, 2019, to solicit proposals for the online program's provider, and must select a provider by March 1. A state treasury fund set up for the program will collect appropriations from state government, as well as public and private donations.
DESE has until July 1, 2019, to develop a high school graduation policy that will allow students to substitute one unit of science, math or practical arts academic credit for a computer science course. Practical arts refers to courses such as agriculture or business.
DESE shall also convene a work group to develop "rigorous academic performance standards" for computer science for K-12 students, and the State Board of Education shall adopt and implement computer science standards for the 2019-20 school year.
Also before July 1, DESE shall develop a way for teachers who demonstrate enough knowledge in computer science to receive a special computer science endorsement on his or her license.
Another state treasury fund called the "Computer Science Education Fund" for state appropriations and donations will support teacher professional development programs for computer science through grants.
The most recent fiscal note on House Bill 3 shows the Oversight Division of the Committee on Legislative Research was not sure whether DESE had the authority to pay for the online STEM Career Awareness Program.
An appropriation bill had allowed for $250,000 of general state revenue to be spent, pursuant to House Bill 1623 and Senate Bill 894 - the earlier versions of the content of House Bill 3. House Bill 1623 did not pass in the spring legislative session, though, and Senate Bill 894 is the version that Parson had vetoed, so it's not immediately clear if the earlier bills' spending power transferred over to the new House Bill 3.
Fitzwater and Nancy Bowles, DESE's communications coordinator, said DESE has sent a letter to the governor's office, asking for clarification on the issue. Bowles confirmed the letter was sent recently, if not Tuesday.
Bowles said DESE is working with the Office of Administration on a proposal solicitation document, adding "They are reportedly close to having the (document) ready to submit in time to meet the Jan. 1 deadline" for the online program.
Fitzwater said that beyond securing mechanisms for funding, once DESE has computer science academic standards in place, it will be important to get teachers trained.
There are not any specific goals or timelines in the bill about progress markers, such as how many school districts might be desired to have a certain percent of students to have taken computer science by graduation by a certain date, but Fitzwater said, "As soon as possible, we'd (like to) have the broadest access possible."
Bowles said the change in high school graduation policy to allow for students to take a computer science credit would be a simple process - "DESE will simply update the graduation handbook."