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Missouri turkey hunters can expect this spring season to be about as challenging as the past few spring seasons, according to the Missouri Department of Conservation.

The spring turkey hunting season starts with a youth-only weekend April 10-11 followed by the regular spring season April 19 through May 9.

"A great deal of what makes for a good spring turkey season depends on the hatch two years prior because it affects the number of 2-year-old gobblers on the landscape," MDC turkey biologist Reina Tyl said. "These young gobblers are not associated with hens as often as older, more dominant birds and are the most likely to respond to hunters' calls."

According to MDC, turkey production was generally poor statewide in 2019. Therefore, hunters can expect fewer 2-year-old gobblers available for harvest during this year's spring hunting season.

"However, some regions of the state, especially north Missouri and counties along the Missouri River in central and east Missouri, saw significant improvements in production during 2020," Tyl said. "It's possible that hunters in those areas with better production last summer might see an overall increase in the number of turkeys on the landscape this spring due to an increase in the number of young birds."

Considering the prospects for the 2021 spring season, hunters who aim to harvest a gobbler that is 2 years old or older should be prepared to put in a bit more effort to be successful this year.

"When gobbler numbers are down, it becomes even more important to spend time scouting for flocks before the start of the season," Tyl said. "Hunters should get out to their hunting areas as much as possible to listen for birds gobbling at daybreak."

Tyl noted hunters should also take the time to learn where turkeys are spending most of their time after they fly down from the roost.

"Use binoculars to spot turkeys feeding in open areas or look for signs of where turkeys have been feeding in the timber," she said. "This will help hunters be in the right area when the hunting season gets here."

Although the prospects for this year's spring season aren't encouraging, this isn't the first-time poor turkey production has reduced turkey numbers in Missouri. After reaching a population peak in the early-to-mid 2000s, Missouri's turkey population experienced four years of poor production from 2007-10, causing the population to decline. However, Tyl noted turkey numbers rebounded following several years of improved production.

"In much of the state, we observed improved production during 2011, 2012 and 2014," Tyl said. "As a result, turkey numbers increased, and hunters generally had better hunting seasons in the years that followed. We are again in a period of lower turkey abundance on a statewide scale driven by poor production in recent years. However, turkey numbers may start to rebound a bit in those regions of the state with improved production in 2020."

To get detailed information on spring turkey hunting, hunters can get MDC's 2021 Spring Turkey Hunting Regulations and Information booklet, available from MDC offices and nature centers, other places where permits are sold and at

Missouri hunting permits are available from numerous vendors around the state, at, or through the MDC free mobile app — MO Hunting — available for download through Google Play for Android devices or the App Store for Apple devices.

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