Iran nuclear talks snag over dueling demands
Thursday, May 24, 2012
BAGHDAD (AP) — Iran and six world powers exchanged dueling proposals Wednesday in a tug of war over Tehran’s nuclear program that pits international concerns about the Islamic Republic’s potential to build atomic weapons against enforcing crippling sanctions on its people.
The daylong back-and-forth in Baghdad focused largely on whether the current enrichment level of Iran’s uranium production is a red line the U.S. and other powers will not permit for fear it could become warhead-grade material.
Western negotiators presented a package combining new and old proposals offering Iran medical isotopes, some nuclear safety cooperation and potentially spare parts for civilian airliners. In exchange, Tehran would stop its 20 percent enrichment levels as a first step, according to a Western diplomat involved in the talks. The diplomat spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss the negotiations more candidly.
Iran brought a potent bargaining chip to the table, tentatively agreeing on the eve of the negotiations to allow U.N. inspectors into a military complex suspected of conducting nuclear arms-related tests.
The gesture was an attempt to head off painful July 1 sanctions on its oil exports to lucrative European markets. U.S. and European measures have targeted Iran’s oil exports — its chief revenue source — and effectively blocked the country from international banking networks.
But diplomats from the six world powers refused to considered the sanctions as a relevant part of the impasse.
A member of Iran’s negotiating team, who spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss the sensitive talks, predicted negotiations would continue Thursday.
The talks are seen only as a small step forward in a delicate negotiating process that likely will unfold over months. That would likely bring objections from Israel, which claims Iran is only trying to buy time to keep its nuclear fuel labs in full operation.
But a delay could allow U.S. and European allies to tone down threats of military action — despite calls Wednesday from a hawkish alliance of U.S. senators who urged negotiators to take a hard line against Iran “to leave no doubt that the window for diplomacy is closing.”
The Baghdad meetings opened with the so-called 5+1 group — the permanent U.N. Security Council members, the United States, Russia, China, Britain and France, plus Germany — putting forward a proposal apparently aimed at reining in Iran’s highest-level uranium enrichment. Many world leaders fear the uranium, enriched to 20 percent, could quickly be turned into weapons-grade material. Other details of the plan were not immediately disclosed.
“We hope the package that we put on the table is attractive to them so they will react positively,” Mike Mann, spokesman for the head of the European Union delegation that is leading the talks, told reporters. “It’s up to them to react.”
He also suggested any rollback in sanctions was unlikely in the Baghdad talks, calling them a “matter of the law and they will come into force when they come into force.”
Hours later, Iran put forth a counterproposal that includes “nuclear and non-nuclear issues,” according to the member of its negotiating team. The official would not discuss details of the plan but said it was to be discussed in private meetings with diplomats from the European Union and China, an Iranian ally.
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