Mali state TV goes off air with fear of countercoup
Saturday, March 24, 2012
BAMAKO, Mali (AP) — Television screens throughout the landlocked country of Mali went black Friday, as residents near the building housing the state broadcaster saw troops erecting heavy barricades fearing a possible countercoup a day after a military takeover.
On Thursday, mutinous troops seized control of the state television and radio station, and announced a coup.
Shots were heard ringing out Friday from outside the broadcaster, and large numbers of soldiers were seen amassing outside. The signal flickered back on for some time, then off again. A message appeared calling for the population to remain calm.
President Amadou Toumani Toure, who was overthrown in this week’s military takeover, is himself a seasoned soldier, who headed the country’s parachute commando unit. There has been speculation that loyalist troops, especially those at the 33rd Parachute Infantry Regiment which Toure once belonged to will attempt to take back power.
Contacted by telephone, resident Mohamed Traore said after the signal went dead, he went outside and saw the troops rushing to put up large defenses. He lives 300 yards from the broadcaster and says when he went to speak to them, the soldiers told him that the red beret-wearing loyalists were planning an attack. Freelance reporter Katarina Hoije, who is staying in the Laico Hotel which faces the broadcaster, said she heard sporadic shots and saw troops arriving in large numbers outside the station.
Mali is considered one of the only functioning democracies in the region. This week’s coup represents a major setback for the nation of 15.4 million at the feet of the Sahara desert. Although Toure initially took power in a 1991 coup, he became known as the “Soldier of Democracy” because he handed power to civilians, and retreated from public life. Years later he re-emerged to win the 2002 election and was re-elected in 2007.
He was due to step down next month at the end of his term. A dozen candidates were running in the April 29 vote, which is now in jeopardy.
The fears of a possible countercoup come as rebels from the Tuareg ethnic group pushed toward three strategic northern Malian towns, including the famed ancient city of Timbuktu, taking advantage of the power vacuum caused by the coup.
The second-in-command of the Tuareg rebels said his forces are advancing on the city of Kidal as dozens of government soldiers desert and others abandon their positions in the wake of the military takeover in the faraway capital, located nearly 800 miles away.
Col. Dilal ag Alsherif told the Associated Press in an exclusive satellite telephone interview that command of the West African nation’s army is in disarray and his movement is taking advantage to fight for an independent nation for the lighter-skinned Tuaregs, who have long felt marginalized by the capital.
Ag Alsherif said he was speaking Friday from “very near to Kidal, you could say I am almost in Kidal,” the northern government stronghold that is his next target. He said his men took the garrison of Anefis, a town south of Kidal, without a fight on Thursday. Meanwhile, in the equally important northern town of Gao, the head of a resident’s committee said the population had issued a “code red” because of rumors the rebels were about to attack. And in Timbuktu, once a tourist hotspot, a member of a citizens’ militia said the rebels had contacted them to say they wanted to take over the town.
Ironically the putschists said in their first public communique on Thursday they had seized power because of President Toure’s incompetent handling of the Tuareg insurgency. The rank-and-file soldiers are overwhelmingly from the south, and from ethnic groups that do not share the same culture as the Tuaregs. They have died in large numbers trying to keep towns in the north out of the hands of the Tuareg rebels ever since the rebellion started in January.
Instead of stopping the insurgency in the north, the coup is making it easier for the rebels to gain ground.
On Thursday, the whereabouts of Mali’s democratically elected leader was unknown. African Union Chairman Jean Ping said he understood the president is being protected by loyalist soldiers.
“The president is in Mali for sure — not so far from Bamako,” Ping said. “He is safe. We have been assured of that by those who protect him.” He added the putschists were likely to face resistance because not all units in the army had backed them.
“I think that the insurgents have not succeeded to have the officers with them,” he said. “All the officers have not joined them. So they still have problems.”